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10 Terms: Grades 4-6

June 21, 2013 by  

  • ability to sit still
  • adaptive behavior
  • ADHD (attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder)
  • birth complication
  • brain injuries
  • chronic disability
  • cognitive maps = mental maps (find way through maze), represent & organize information
  • cognitive self-regulation = metacognition, monitoring and control of mental strategies
  • concrete operational stage = Piaget’s stage for
  • constructivist classroom = less lecture, more self-directed learning & task sequences
  • convergent thinking = rewarded for interconnecting ideas; thought to increase problem solving
  • cooperative learning = facilitated learning using labs, problem solving tasks and groups
  • creativity = generating new ideas and products
  • daydreaming
  • developmental delay
  • developmental disability
  • diagnosis
  • difficulty organizing
  • divergent thinking = rewarded for new ideas; thought to increase creativity
  • dominance hierarchy = hierarchical structure of social or peer group
  • dosage levels
  • dynamic assessment = Vygotsky; learn-assess-learn-asses
  • easily distracted
  • educational self-fulfilling prophecies
  • elaboration = adding details to make item more memorable; more time equals deeper processing
  • emotional intelligence = knowledge and awareness of how you feel
  • environmental enrichment
  • environmental factors
  • euphemism treadmill
  • genetic differences
  • genetics
  • gifted = intellectually more advanced, opposite end of normal curve from mental retardation
  • Goddard, Henry
  • hyperactive-impulsive
  • hyperactive-impulsive & inattentive
  • hyperactivity
  • hyperactivity-impulsivity symptoms
  • idiot
  • idiota
  • imbecile
  • impatient
  • impulsivity
  • inattention
  • inattention symptoms
  • inclusive classrooms = special education students are included in general classroom setting
  • intellectual disability
  • intelligence
  • IQ
  • IQ myths
  • learning disabilities = significant problems with learning or school
  • medications
  • mental age
  • mental retardation
  • mentally challenged
  • mentally delayed
  • mentally slow
  • mildly retarded
  • moderate mental retardation
  • moron
  • obesity = excess body fat; BMI over 30
  • organization = Piaget’s principle of mental representations, constructing & connecting schemata
  • pathophysiology
  • phonics approach = learn reading by learning sounds
  • predominantly inattentive
  • prenatal environment
  • profoundly retarded
  • racial IQ gap
  • rehearsal = keeping items in working memory by repeating them over and over
  • reversibility = part of Piaget’s concrete operations, order of addition doesn’t matter
  • reward mechanism
  • rough-and-tumble play = active play that includes rolling, wrestling, chasing and laughing
  • school skills
  • school success
  • seriation = part of Piaget’s concrete operations, putting items in order
  • sheltered workshop
  • side effects
  • social-constructivist classroom = less lecture, more small groups & collaborative tasks
  • spaced out
  • special
  • speech delays
  • stereotype threat = perform worse on tasks if situation cues indicate you will confirm a negative stereotype (anxious that you will fail and “prove” stereotype is true
  • stimulants
  • sugar
  • symptoms
  • talent = natural talent or skill
  • theory of multiple intelligences = Gardner’s model, 8 factors: musical, visual, verbal, logical, bodily, interpersonal, intrapersonal and naturalistic
  • traditional classroom = multiple students with single teacher at same location
  • transitive inference = inferring from complex interrelated facts
  • traumatic brain injury
  • treatment
  • triarchic theory of successful intelligence: Sternberg’s 3 factor theory: metacognition (executive processing), performance (LTM, doing) and knowledge-acquisition (choosing relevant information).
  • untrained
  • whole-language approach = Chomsky, emphasis on meaning, literature, journaling; not phonics
  • WISC

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