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6 Terms: Infants

June 21, 2013 by  

  • 200 words  & walking
  • 4000 words & share
  • accommodation = Piaget, adding to schema categories
  • adaptation = adjusting to environment
  • all-nothing
  • arousal
  • assimilation = Piaget, adding information to current schema
  • attention
  • autobiographical memory = episodic memory, what you did on summer vacation
  • babbling = repetitive consonant sounds, goes with sitting up, 6 months
  • Babinski’s reflex
  • Bauer’s reflex
  • central executive = cognitive process that coordinates all mental activity
  • child-directed speech (CDS) = parents give clear, exaggerated speech, helps learn language
  • circular reaction = repeat event on purpose, drop bottle accidently, do again on purpose
  • cognition
  • color vision
  • consciousness
  • contrast & complexity
  • cooing = first language-like sounds, goes with rolling over, 3 months old
  • core knowledge perspective = hypothetical innate knowledge systems
  • crawl & say “dada”
  • curves & patterns
  • deferred imitation = can recall & model behavior of model not there
  • developmental quotient (DQ) = infant intelligence tests, unreliable
  • developmentally appropriate practice = guidelines of proper child care services
  • doll eyes
  • expressive style of language = use language to talk about feelings
  • faces
  • fencing reflex
  • grasping reflex
  • habituation
  • hallmarks
  • Home Observation for Measurement of the Environment (HOME) = checklist for home eval.
  • imprinting
  • inattention blindness
  • infant perception
  • infantile amnesia = inability to recall pre-verbal phase of life
  • infantile reflexes
  • intelligence quotient (IQ) = widely used predictor of school success
  • intentional behavior (goal-directed) = reaching-touching, solving simple problems
  • irreversible coma
  • joint attention = child & parent attend to same object
  • language acquisition device (LAD) = hypothetical innate language processor
  • laugh out loud
  • life-long reflexes
  • long-term memory = unknown capacity, less permanent than thought
  • Lorenz, Konrad
  • make-believe play = act out scenes, dress up, pretend cooking, being a monkey
  • mental representation = internal symbols that can be manipulated
  • mental strategies = well-practiced plans of how to achieve goals
  • Moro reflex
  • normal distribution = symmetrical distribution of population scores, chance
  • object permanence = Piaget, learning out of sight is not out of existence
  • organization = Piaget, development of cognitive representations
  • overextension = using Dog for all animals
  • parachute reflex
  • perception
  • prune sounds
  • recall = recollection from a cue; listing items
  • recognition = selecting from available choices; multiple choice items
  • referential style of language = use language to get objects
  • reflexes
  • reticular formation
  • rollover & coo
  • rooting reflex
  • scheme = Piaget, mental representation
  • sensorimotor stage = Piaget’s 1st stage of development, coordination of motor skills
  • sensory register = separate buffers for vision and hearing, disappears if not attended to
  • sit up & babble
  • sleep thru night
  • stand up & single words
  • standardization = basing test interpretation on the normal curve
  • startle response
  • stepping reflex
  • sucking reflex
  • telegraphic speech
  • underextension = use Dog for family pet but not other dogs
  • vestibulo-ocular reflex (VOR)
  • violation-of-expectation method = facial expressions as dependent variable to surprise stimuli
  • visual acuity
  • working memory (short-term) = things currently focused on, keep active with rehearsal
  • zone of proximal development = Vygotsky, what can do without help & what can do with help

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